Wednesday, March 23, 2011

By Atlantic Telegraph!

Augusta, Maine
1858



When the transatlantic cable was finally pulled ashore in 1858, celebrations erupted across the nation, marked by the ringing of church bells, torch-light parades, and a hundred-gun salute in New York City. For some it may have seemed like only yesterday, when in 1844, inventor Samuel Morse demonstrated that signals could be transmitted by wire. However, the technology, which allowed people to communicate almost instantly across great distances, had already transformed society. By the early 1850s, there were 20,000 miles of cable crisscrossing the country, prompting financier Cyrus W. Field to undertake the next step, establishing the Atlantic Telegraph Company to connect North America to Europe.

Friday, March 4, 2011

On the Road

1885-1897


The pompous gentleman on this advertising card declares, “Yes Miss, when traveling, I always drink Van Houten’s Cocoa. It is so sustaining.” The comic scene takes place in the 1880s when the fast-growing railroads were changing the social landscape, bringing strangers together in social settings far from home.1 Rapid industrial growth also brought about the rise of a new breed of traveling salesmen called “drummers,” an Americanism whose origins remain obscure.